Somaliland: Facing the Brink of Collapse

The concept of Somaliland as a breakaway republic is facing significant challenges. Somaliland declared independence from Somalia in 1991, but its independence has not been internationally recognized. It is still considered by most countries as an autonomous region of Somalia.

There has been a longstanding territorial dispute between Somaliland and the semi-autonomous region of Puntland, particularly in the Sool region. Previous clashes and tensions have arisen over control of this region.

Efforts have been made to resolve the dispute through dialogue and negotiation, but a lasting solution has not been reached. The situation has escalated in recent times, with a war breaking out in Las Anod due to perceived abuse by Somaliland forces.

The people in the Sool region have been complaining about killings and arrests, leading to an uprising and a change into a full-scale war. Somaliland forces have been forced out of most territories in Sool, except for one distinct area.

In a significant development, a well-fortified garrison was recently overrun, resulting in the death of many Somaliland soldiers and the capture of others, including the base commander.

Somaliland authorities are reluctant to let go of Sool and Sanaag, as they believe these regions are part of the colonial Somaliland territory drawn by the British.

On the other hand, the people of Sool have formed their own administration and believe they are part of the Somalia Federal Republic. They have vowed to liberate all their land by any means necessary.

The Somaliland authority is facing significant political and diplomatic challenges, ignoring the calls for peace from the Somali government and the international community. This has led to a worsening humanitarian crisis.

The so-called Somaliland republic is on the brink of collapse, as a new militia has emerged within its territory and clashed with security forces.

However, local clan leaders are attempting to reconcile and heal the wounds. The Somaliland authority is in serious trouble, which could ultimately lead to its collapse.

The endless violence in Northern Western Somalia is difficult to comprehend, but only time will tell what will become of this disputed land once all sides have exhausted the concept of violence. The end.

Mohamed Mohamoud Adde is an academic and a political Analyst specialising in offering expert analysis, insight and recommendations on Political developments. (His goal is to aid stakeholders in making informed decisions and comprehending the complex dynamics of political system in Somalia.)


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